Thursday, April 25th is World Malaria Day. We can celebrate the progress that has been made—such as 1.1 million lives saved over the past decade1—and also “Invest in the future: Defeat malaria.” Given the available proven tools and cost-effective strategies to prevent and treat the disease, malaria continues to be one of the best public health investments for donors.
Who is most at risk for malaria sickness and death?
While more than two billion people live in malaria-affected areas, the largest and most vulnerable groups are pregnant women and young children in sub-Saharan Africa. In this region, malaria is responsible for 18% of all deaths of children under five years of age.2
Where is the risk for malaria transmission?3
- Grey = risk-free.
- Red = at risk of “stable” malaria transmission. Stable malaria risk: a minimum average of one clinical case per 10,000 population per year.
- Pink = at risk of “unstable” malaria transmission. Unstable malaria risk: documented cases occur but at less than the stable rate (as defined above).
What can you do to help?
Learn about what works and invest in high impact programs to reduce the number of people who suffer from malaria.
- Support a community case management (CCM) program in which community health workers bring life-saving treatments to families.
- Support programs that mobilize and educate communities with locally-tailored health messaging through the creation of health volunteer networks.
- Support the delivery of bednets and mass vaccination campaigns to remote villages and hard-to-reach areas.
- Support programs that increase community access to drug treatments through national scale programs.
- Support programs that work with a country’s Ministry of Health on its national, regional, and local malaria control strategy.
- Support the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, an existing global platform for system-wide change.
- Support information systems that track resistance to medications or insecticides to contain the spread of resistance.
Want to learn more?
Innovation: Click here if you are interested in innovative funding opportunities, such as the research and development of new drugs, vaccine strategies, insecticides, and mosquito control.
Other malaria organizations: The following list, while not exhaustive, can help you identify other players working to fight malaria:
- Roll Back Malaria: One of the partners of the World Malaria Day initiative, their website lists the organizations that are involved with this global partnership.
- Core Group: A partnership consisting of 48 U.S.-based international organizations focusing on maternal & child health
- President’s Malaria Initiative: This website links to a list of several organizations that are engaged in the worldwide malaria arena.
- GBCHealth: Lists opportunities for businesses and the private sector to contribute to the global strategy
- Global Giving: This website allows you to search by interest and quickly gain a small snapshot of the work that several selected organizations are doing.
What’s New: Even though much of the focus on fighting malaria is concentrated in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria is also working in Latin America. Read more on the ONE blog.
Events on World Malaria Day: Thursday, April 25, 2013: Here are more ways to get involved in the global fight to end malaria.
- Join a Google Hangout on “The Cost of Fake Malaria Drugs” with Guardian and Washington Post correspondent Kathleen McLaughlin, Cobus Van Staden of The China in Africa Podcast, and Dr. Patrick Lukulay, program director for the Promoting the Quality of Medicines initiative at the US Pharmacopeial Convention.
- Help the UN Foundation’s Nothing But Nets program reach their goal of sending 20,000 insecticide-treated bednets for the Cover Africa campaign.
- Watch the HBO Film “Mary and Martha” starring Hilary Swank at 12:30pm ET and 9pm ET. Additionally, for each view of the “Mary and Martha” YouTube trailer, Malaria No More will donate a full treatment to a child with malaria.
As wealthy families become more sophisticated with their philanthropic giving, the role of the family foundation and family office also becomes more important. According to a November 2012 report Working Together for Common Purpose by the National Center for Family Philanthropy, there are an estimated 3,000 to 5,000 family offices in the U.S. alone. Much of the guidance that we provide to individual donors is also useful to family foundations and family office staff who need help thinking about strategic giving, linking cost and impact, and measuring the effectiveness of their grantmaking.
Examples of how we share our guidance with Family Offices and Foundations
The following list is a sample of our current and upcoming activities:
- Family Office Channel‘s G9 Successful Legacy Family Briefing features Kat Rosqueta’s insights from “Lessons Learned Answering the Million Dollar Question”. Other briefings from Holly Isdale, Dennis Jaffe, Andrew Young, Barbara Hauser, William Drake, Stephen Dawson, MJ Rankin, Christian Stewart, Patricia Angus, and Charles Lowenhaupt.
- Global conference call on how to “Make Your Philanthropy High Impact” with Kat Rosqueta for members of the Young Presidents’ Organization (YPO)/World Presidents’ Organization (WPO): Thursday, 20 June 2013, 10 a.m. New York (3 p.m. London; 10 p.m. Hong Kong). Contact us at 215.573.7266 or email@example.com or login to YPO’s member section for more information.
- Opal Wealth Management Group Family Office & Private Wealth Management Forum: “Not Your Grandfather’s Philanthropy” panel with Kat Rosqueta: Tuesday, July 23, 2013, 11:25am.
- Campden Family Business (FB) features our work in its March 2013 issue: A Targeted Approach and Top 10 Tips for Impact Giving.
For the past several months, our team has been developing an online opportunity map for U.S. food funders. The purpose of the map is to clarify the types of food-related impacts sought by donors, identify opportunities for partnership and leverage, and offer examples of ways donors can and have created change.
To ensure that our donor guidance is informed by the best available evidence and actionable to donors now, we’ve been sharing and vetting our work with dozens of researchers, practitioners, and experts focused on food system impacts.
At the 2013 Feeding Cities conference and from subsequent conversations, we learned from Drew Becher, President of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society (PHS), and Bob Grossmann, PHS Senior Director of Vacant Land, about an interesting approach to achieving multiple food-related impacts, including improvements in health, environmental sustainability, and community development. The following is a brief Q&A with Bob Grossmann and PHS on some key details regarding their Vacant Land initiatives.
For Donors Who Care About Impact
For donors interested in urban land use – or reuse – there may be alignment across several impacts, such as improved community benefits through property values and safety, environmental benefits regarding soil quality, runoff and resource use, and health impacts regarding the provision of healthy food. How can donors identify high quality programs across the country?
BG/PHS: Land reuse programs are nationwide, with many organizations focused on it. Many people think about high profile urban areas, like Detroit, but places like Phoenix also have tremendous amounts of vacant land. While their “cleaning and greening” process is different because of the climate, the concept is the same, as is the importance to the neighborhood. You can find examples at Centers for Community Progress.
Donors can think about how they can support pilot programs or improve procedures and protocols so their local organizations can better scale to deliver real and lasting impact to the community.
The Model: Cleaning and Greening
One evidence-based model for land reuse that you described was “cleaning and greening”. What is the model, and what evidence supports that it’s working?
BG/PHS: “Cleaning and greening” a vacant lot, coupled with low-cost maintenance, is one intervention that has been extremely effective in Philadelphia and other cities nationwide. This approach can involve clearing trash and debris, planting grass and trees, and installing a simple wooden fence to signal that the space is being cared for. At PHS, our LandCare Program is seen as an international model for post-industrial cities seeking to clean, green, stabilize, and ultimately reduce their inventory of vacant lots.
We know that these vacant lots destabilize neighborhoods, become a haven for illegal activity, and create a downward spiral for abandonment and disinvestment. We also know that, often in partnership with city government —the frequent owners of these lots—this simple landscape design can have dramatic results. For example:
- A ten-year study, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology that looked at over 7.8 million acres greened across four neighborhoods in Philadelphia, found reductions in gun crimes and vandalism, and improvements in safety and other health benefits.
- Another study by the National Vacant Properties Campaign found that house sales prices increased as much as 30 percent when homes were located near vacant lots that had been “cleaned and greened.”
- In related pieces by additional University of Pennsylvania researchers, including a testimonial to the Philadelphia City Council, Dr. Kevin Gillen said, “Following conversion of a vacant lot, the median gain in housing wealth to the affected households was estimated to be approximately $35,000 … every dollar spent on ‘cleaning and greening’ generates an additional $224 in housing wealth and $7.43 in property tax revenues.”
Coordinating Efforts for Land Rehabilitation and Agriculture
To be clear, this reuse model is very different from the reuse in urban areas that involves significant reconditioning and rehabilitation to make the soil safe for urban agriculture. For you, how do those efforts fit together, or do they?
BG/PHS: Because of the significant rehabilitation costs for nearly all vacant urban land (contaminated from a range of things, over the years), most urban gardening needs to be above ground in boxes. So often those projects can be a second stage to land care efforts or on parcels/properties nearby, due to the high availability of vacant land within many communities.
But community gardening is another proven way to improve vacant spaces and transform them from liabilities into community assets. For example, the PHS Garden Tenders and City Harvest programs often work in tandem with the LandCare program and achieve many similar community impacts, while also producing millions of pounds of produce each year. That produce stays in the neighborhood and plays a huge role in the food security equation in Philadelphia.
We try to identify land within neighborhoods just beyond active real estate, by considering the following factors:
- We look for sites where there are other strong community partners and where other types of reinvestment is already happening to aggregate the maximum visual impact and achieve economies of scale.
- We select sites that are along transit corridors or around schools or other areas that would be important for health, safety, or economic reasons. With these conditions, a strong network of partners, including the government, can achieve these results.
“Bang for Buck”: A Cost Example
Since we’re always thinking “bang for buck”, what’s the cost of the PHS LandCare program? It sounds like it could be quite expensive and varied, depending on the neighborhood.
BG/PHS: No, actually the costs are amazingly consistent. The installation cost (i.e., “cleaning and greening”) costs about $1 per square foot, by using bulk purchasing of materials, like trees and seeds, and competitive bids for contractors. There are also low, ongoing maintenance costs for upkeep during the warmer months (about $10 per visit), which is critical to having the desired long-term impact within the community.
So, for example, the average lot in Philadelphia may take $1,000 to clean and green, and $140/year to maintain ongoing. At these prices and based on this evidence, we’ve used PHS LandCare, in collaboration with the City of Philadelphia, to provide and maintain interim landscape treatments to over 6,000 properties in key transitional neighborhoods. And, to date, approximately 15 percent of PHS LandCare properties have been sold and developed.
Talk To Us
So, as we continue to have discussions that help us build the Center’s opportunity map for donors in the food space, we thought we’d share one practitioner’s perspective about land reuse. As always, we’d love to hear your perspective. Please let us know if there are additional evidence-based strategies or organizations that should be on our radar!